RESEARCH

 

Dorthea Pruhl 

 

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What I find really inviting about Pruhl's work is simple, natural and all about form. The simplicity of the exposed wood is very natural, and displays how your true side is beautiful... accepting all the things you have. 

 

Exhibition: Formafantasma

 

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Andrea Trimarchi (1983) and Simone Farresin (1980) are Formafantasma, an Italian design duo based in Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Their interest in product design developed on the IM master course at Design Academy Eindhoven, where they graduated in July 2009.

 

Mia Maljojoki 

 

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Iris Eichenberg

 

The search connectivity among materials is an engagement between their physical properties and her reaction to them conjoin or repel, please or repulse. objects are active parts of life. The images below from her exhibition bend explore the relationship between humans to objects - "the blurry space of connectivity between them". 

The viewing of the objects and pieces will force/ aware of her audience to interact in more of an intended way.

I am inspired by Eichenberg's work as she displays the exploration of materials, and how the relationship between the object and the viewer can alter/vary between each different viewer. 

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Material Search 

 

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It's the first week, and I have already been thinking about material. The material/ making day on Thursday made me realise what I wanted to create. The word permanent was chosen to describe my project was chosen because I felt that when you feel a sense of belonging it is normally a permanent feeling. The first material I looked at was; concrete. As I thought it was more of a permanent choice of 'building' material, I then started looking at epoxy. 

Today, I was interested in material research. So I went to the wood workshop and explored what I could do with the wood, and experimented with changing the look of it. 

 

 

 

Barbican 

 

World War 2 remains:

 

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Building of the Barbican:
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Primary Photographs:  

 

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Today,  I went to the barbican to look the architecture of concrete buildings. This building made me think about the housing estate back in the 1900s. The barbican estate is a residential estate that was built during the 1960's and 1980's. It was built on , and that was destroyed during the second war.

"The site had been left almost entirely demolished by bombing during the second world war, so the architects were tasked with developing an entire city plot from scratch." This made me think of refugees, and how a feeling of unsafeness brought people to move away from London. A sense of feeling unsafe links to a low sense of belonging. 

Architects; Peter Chamberlin, Geoffrey Powell and Christoph Bon; thought it was a great opportunity to create a clear distinction between private, community and public domain. They created a building that brings a sense of community. I find it interesting how concrete unites people together to make us feel safe and wanted... shelter... 

https://www.dezeen.com/2014/09/13/brutalist-buildings-barbican-estate-chamberlin-powell-bon/

 

 

V&A

 

 

 

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Today I went to the V&A. I was inspired by all the casting, and sculptures. This made me consider to do something with ceramics as I never have done it before.

 

House Structure

 

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Why Public Matters

 

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In the eighties, Delaney was living in the primarily Latino neighborhood of the Mission District. She would spend the weekends photographing public gatherings, from the annual Cinco de Mayo parade, to the Peace, Jobs and Justice marches, which rallied against the U.S. invasion of Nicaragua. If political governance was regressing, the West Coast city was a place where, as Delaney remembers, ‘progressive ideas would always be upheld.’

She celebrated multiculturalism and collective struggles for social justice, Public Matters surfaces at a juncture when the message of building bridges is needed now more than ever.

"To live comfortably in a city is to feel at home with strangers."

Personally I believe the city life invites us to inhabit public space, to convene in streets and parks for celebration and relaxation, for discourse and protest. Delaney has always been drawn to parades and marches, to the "sensation of people chanting in unison"; as they all act as one... this portraying a sense of belonging.

 

Ben Watts 

 

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Ben Watts is a photographer. He's work particularly interests me as he takes pictures of subcultures and people whom have  a sense of belonging.

During the 90s in New York, the areas struggled with racial tensions due to gang related issues. Ben Watts pictured the moments where the locals felt most belonged. 

 

Skin Bleaching; The Philippines 

 

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My mum in the 1990's expressing the non conventional beauty standards of the Philippines; curly hair and dark skin. 

Skin bleaching is a major issue within the asian culture as it shows a sense of privilege? Growing up my mum experienced lots of shame for being a skin of darker colour compared to her peers. She would be called racial slurs; such as; monkey. This truly upsets me as she felt like she was well off just by the colour of skin. She never really felt like she was apart of anything, there was no sense of belonging for her. She felt lost. It didn't take till she moved away from her hometown to actually feel comfortable in her own skin. 

"Inna Samson was 15 when she finally gave in to the pressure to take pills to lighten her skin tone. “It’s definitely the biggest regret I have from high school,” she says. She’s been teased for most of her life for her medium complexion, and it wasn’t just coming from kids at school; her cousins, sister, and aunts all joined in, calling her names like “monkey” or making underhanded comments that still sting today." Samson, now 24, recalls. “Beautiful, but dark. Beautiful ; this is what I find inspiring, as she has accepted her beauty and her own skin. 

Countries like Nigeria, Jamaica, China, Malaysia, South Korea, and India are all grappling with dangerous skin-bleaching epidemics, with rates of use as high as 77% in Nigeria.

The idea is that your skin tone is directly correlated with some economic value or some social or political value - Joanne Rondilla

Skin bleaching is a rapidly growing; $24 billion.

Skin bleaching is very harming towards the human body, it can potentially cause poisoning to the organ causing failure.

Interviewers spoke to women in Manila and many said that lighter complexions have long been preferred by employers across industries.

“Historically that's what they perceive as not only beautiful, but as powerful".

This perception of it being more powerful is a stereotype deeply ingrained in cultures that were colonised, including the Philippines island nation was ruled by Spain for 333 years before it was briefly occupied by Japan and then the U.S. before gaining independence in 1946.

These skin bleaching products have traces of mercury in them; which is so dangerous for the skin. 

All this dangerous effort for just feeling a sense of belonging? Is it actually worth it?

This research has made me realise what I want to portray in my project. How humans constantly thrive for a sense of belonging. 

Video documentary about this issue; https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hYTIh2cXfvM

 

Anika Smulovitz

 

 

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Lips are an essential part of how we communicate. They are expressive signifiers in their ability to smile and frown. They help us to form words and sounds. Lips also surround the most visible orifices on our body, creating a sensual transition from our exteriors to our interiors. Human lips are fascinating in their agility, flexibility, sensuality, and strength. I am particularly interested in her work as she portrays all these things. 

"My background as a jeweler has led me to explore lips in the context of the interrelationship between the body, adornment, and issues of intimacy. These pieces are photographs, small interactive sculptures, installations, brooches, and a new form of adornment. The line that is created where the lips meet when a person’s mouth is in a relaxed pose is almost as unique and individual as a fingerprint. I want to accentuate this distinctive and compelling part of the body, bringing attention to the lips without interference or constraint. Lip Liners are custom-made lip adornment which rest comfortably in the mouth. The wearer can speak and perform all normal tasks, except eat. This innovative form of adornment creates a distinct sensual experience for the wearer. When multiple Lip Liners are installed on the wall in a gallery setting a minimal and provocative line drawing in space that references the body is created." - Anika Smulovitz

 

Race, Culture, and Difference; James Donald, Ali Rattansi;

 

The issue is not how natural differences determine and justify group definitions and interactions, but how racial logics and racial frames of reference are articulated and deployed, and with what consequences. 

One of the most telling strands in the antiracist critique of multiculturalism in the 1970s and 1980s, for example, was that it suffered from an overemphasis on culture. 

Multiculturalism  certainly should and is translated into educational and political practice. It is often brought up the question of culture with a particular understanding of ethnicity. 

Peoples perceptions and beliefs are not just inheritance of a shared ethnic decent, but are rooted in broader economic structures and material interests. 

In such detentions 'race' is still conceived as a false representation of reality rather than as a part of the process of constructing an operative and symbolic and social reality. 

There is a critical rethinking of the relationship between culture, ‘race’ and politics.

‘RACE’; ethnicity and culture in British educational policy; 

Between the end of world war 2 and 1962 the first immigration act was put into place; During this time there were illegal administrative measures were being put into operation in order to discourage black immigration. 

By the 1960s, the new British Afro - Caribbean and Asian communities became well aware of the racism embedded in the national culture. 

The sheer prevalence, intensity and normality of abuse, harassment and violence directed by white students against British Asian and Afro Caribbean students ; became a sudden trend? 

The question of sexuality further complicates racial encounters; such as; racial harassment and violence. 

Different minority groups; Asian and Afro Caribbean or Cypriot and Vietnamese (Cohen, 1987). 

 

Race, Culture, and Difference 

 

The question of culture. Racism causes negative socialisation.

How do we organise our perceptions of the world? Questions have been centered around the function of visual conventions. 

 

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Anti-racsim: Possiblites and Limits: 

 

Overcoming the anxiety, fragility and venerability that comes from racism. The multiculturalist and antiracist initiate in education emerged in the 1980s. This intervention was very much needed. 

 

Racism and Schooling: 

 

One of the fundamental charges levelled by antiracists agains the cultralist assumptions underpinning much public and academic debate especially in the field of education is that the specific and significance of racist idol egis received lots of attention. 

 

Racial abuse and violence: 

 

Sheer prevalence, intensity and normality of abuse, harassment and violence directed by  white students abasing British Asian and Afro-Caribbean students as part of the informal, popular culture of schools was horrifying and still is a relevant issue in many schools. This racial abuse has caused distress, trauma and injury. 

 

House Wives: 

 

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The oppressive feeling of wives from the past into the present. Abusive relationships can create distress, and emotional damage. 

 

 

 

French Fashion Women & The First World War: 

 

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During the first world war there were many fears and anxiety oppressed. Women were central towards their narrative. In the first world war, women used fashion to shape their identities.  However, fashion also was also often used against them as a reflection of larger social anxieties. 

Key Dates: 

July 5th, 1914; 6,000 suffragettes march for voting rights in Paris

January 1915; Women begin to replace men in jobs previously held exclusively by men.

 

Bibliographies:
ART21. 2006. John Baldesarri. [ONLINE] Available at:
baldessari-artwork-survey-2000s/
. [Accessed 23 October 2019].
Prima Facie (Second State): Exhilarated (2005), John Baldessari: https://
www.theartstory.org/artist-baldessari-john-artworks.htm#pnt_5
Prima Facie (Fifth State), John Baldessari, 2006 : https://www.wikiart.org/en/john-baldessari/
prima-facie-fifth-state-2006
Kerianne Quick. 2018. Kerianne Quick. [ONLINE] Available at: https://kerianne-quick.com/.
[Accessed 23 October 2019].
AKBB. 2010. Gabriele Hinze. [ONLINE] Available at: https://www.akbb.de/mitglieder/
gabriele-hinze. [Accessed 22 October 2019].
Choice, C., 2005. Choice Choice Contemporary Jewellery From Germany A Reader. 1st ed.
Hamberg: Ein Lesebuch.